Calendula officinalis 

A powerful natural tool in helping to keep our skin looking young and healthy. Calendula is a versatile botanical that belongs to the Asteraceae family together with Chamomile. Our Calendula Infused Oils are produced from ground calendula flowers and seeds and are rich in flavonoids (quercetin), carotenoids, triterpenoids (saponins), phenolic compounds, and polysaccharides (mucilage) (1). Due to its saponin and mucilage content, Calendula has moisturizing properties making it ideal in formulations for dry, irritated or delicate skin. Calendula Oil prevents aging in two different ways: It promotes skin tightness, which reduces day-to-day damage, and it also increases hydration within the skin, which is one of the main ways to prevent signs of aging. Another great reason to make Calendula Oil a part of your routine is because, similarly to sunscreen, this extract helps protect skin against UV rays. 

Topically, calendula addresses myriad skin complaints, including rashes, stings, wounds, burns, abrasions, swellings, eczema, acne, insect bites, scrapes, bruises, chickenpox, cold sores, cervical dysplasia, diaper rash, cracked nipples from breastfeeding, and postpartum perineal tears.

Beautiful skin: The flavonoids it contains have a firming effect on the skin, increase skin hydration and eliminate dryness. improve skin elasticity and can also reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Protect and heal: possesses regenerative properties and heals dry or damaged skin and protects against photo-aging caused by sunlight. promoting cell repair and regenerating skin tissue. It stimulates the production of collagen at wound sites which helps to minimize scarring.

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The seed - the essence of plant life constitutes a powerhouse of nutrients for the new Calendula plant. Each seed possesses an oil content of around 20% of which up to 60% is calendic acid (2) a unique omega-6 fatty acid with a chemical profile very similar to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)  which presents enormous health benefits. Due to its special structure – with three conjugated double bonds – calendic acid exhibits interesting chemical and physiological properties (2) such as serving as structural precursors for the important stratum corneum ceramides.

Omegas have a natural affinity for skin and are especially beneficial when combined with other skin-loving ingredients like ceramides, cholesterol, and glycerin.

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The flower heads are rich in carotenoids, flavonoids, sterols, mucilage, saponins, carotenes, bitter glycosides, triterpenes, resin. Orange varieties are rich in carotenoids such as flavoxanthin, luteoxanthin, rubixanthin, auroxanthin a- and b-carotene, lycopene, lutein. 

Each individual Calendula petal contains five compounds—Oleanic Acid, Lupeol, Quercetin, α Amyrin, and β Amyrin. These efficacious compounds have been studied and are known to provide antioxidant protection, soothe skin and reduce discomfort. The total carotenoid present in the petals and pollens is 7.71% and 1.61%, respectively.

Each flower contains carotenoids (carotene), terpenoids, flavonoids (quercetin), coumarin, triterpenoid and resin. The anti-inflammatory activity this important herb exhibits is attributed to its triterpenoid constituents; however, it is thought that its flavonoid constituents also may contribute to this activity. German Commission E approved the use of this herb for internal and external treatments and externally for poorly healing sores.

All these impressive properties make this an excellent herb. Uses: anti-inflammatory; relieves muscle spasms; astringent; prevents hemorrhaging; heals wounds; antiseptic; detoxifying; mildly estrogenic. rich skin moisturizer, skin tonic for oily, blemished complexions.

The green base of the flower head is sticky due to the resinous bracts. 

This flower has powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial properties, and is often used to soothe a long list of skin ailments including cuts, scrapes, bruises, bee stings, insect bites, fungal infections, eczema, and rashes.

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References:

1. Evans, WC, Pharmacognosy, 2009, Elsevier.

2. Fatty acid composition of lipids in pot marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) seed genotypes. Dulf, FV et al., 2013, Chem Cent J. 2013; 7: 8.

2. Healing fats of the skin: the structural and immunologic roles of the omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids

2.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/43561145_Phytochemical_Constituents_and_Pharmacological_Activities_of_Calendula_officinalis_Linn_Asteraceae_A_Review